by guest Bloggers Kevin Courtain, Forrest Hansen, Max Niehaus from EMP 462: Coastal and Marine Planning
Orion McCarthy, a graduate from the University of Maryland, wrote a lovely article summarizing the hardships facing fisheries today. From over fishing, to lack of scientific knowledge, to destruction of habitat, McCarthy referenced sources such as Wikipedia, YouTube videos, and to provide substantial “peer reviewed data” in this article.
McCarthy’s focus is on the Pacific Halibut fisheries of the North West coast of the United States, referencing the International Pacific Halibut Commission as the source of scientific data drawn for fisheries purposes. McCarthy states, “The International Pacific Halibut Commission, or IPHC for short, is an international organization established through a treaty between the United States and Canada in 1923 to manage populations of Pacific halibut from the coast of California up to the Bering Sea in Alaska.”
The data cited on the IPHC is accurate and his sources check out. However, upon further investigation of the sources later in the article, McCarthy lacks academic sources with empirical scientific data. The data collected through IPHC acts as a good reference for other marine fisheries management and ecosystem analyses as a whole. When referencing the methods used for halibut fishing, he claims that line fishing is the lesser impacting method compared to trawling, gillnetting, and purse seining, yet his sources only describe the process and do not establish a comparative analysis.
McCarthy wraps up his informative article on the Pacific Halibut by addressing YOU, the reader, and the methods you can use to prevent overfishing. He states that, “Apps such as Seafood Watch, created by the world renowned Monterey Bay Aquarium, offer clear and informative reviews of different types of seafood, labeling them as best choice, good alternative, or avoid.”
This article brought an enthusiasm for scientific fisheries management within the Pacific Halibut realm, but did not offer substantial scientific articles as references causing disconnect between McCarthy’s claims and the sources he cited.